The importance of lifelong learning is present among branch organizations, employers and employees, and is high on the agenda of the Dutch government. To stimulate all types of workers to participate in training courses, several lifelong learning initiatives are implemented. Most often these initiatives are set up in such a way that it is not possible to evaluate them. The Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment asked ROA to develop a framework with evaluation methods which can be applied to evaluate lifelong learning initiatives. The framework we developed consists of 5 evaluation methods. In the report, we describe these methods and apply the framework to two specific lifelong learning initiatives: individual learning account (ILA) and learning reps. The last chapter of the report includes a decision tree which helps to decide what evaluation method fits best to the initiative and provides an overview of the requirements needed to identify effects of the lifelong learning initiative.