Job – Statistisch analist bij het Researchcentrum voor Onderwijs en Arbeidsmarkt (ROA), School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University
Article in Personnel Review, Volume 47, No. 2, 2018, pp. 517 – 534.
Ruud Gerards, Andries de Girp and Claudia Baudewijns
The purpose of this paper is to shed more light on the impact of the various facets of new ways of working (NWW) on employee work engagement, taking into account multiple sectors and occupational fields.
Insights from the literature and the job demands-resources model underpin the hypotheses on how NWW would affect work engagement. The hypotheses were tested using the Preacher and Hayes’ (2008) bootstrap method for multiple mediation and controls, taking into account two potential mediators between (facets of) NWW and work engagement: social interaction in the workplace and transformational leadership.
The analyses show that three facets of NWW – management of output, access to organizational knowledge, and a freely accessible open workplace – positively affect employees’ work engagement. The latter two facets appear to be fully mediated by social interaction and transformational leadership.
The results imply that firms should foster transformational leadership styles among their line managers, and social interaction in the workplaces, to maximize the positive impact of NWW on work engagement.
This empirical paper draws on a unique data set on the Dutch working population to provide novel insights with a substantial degree of generalizability into the relation between NWW and work engagement, whilst applying a more comprehensive definition of NWW than previously applied, while incorporating two potential mediators.
Article in International Labour Review, Volume 156, No. 3-4, 2017, pp. 525 – 548.
Fleur G. Gommans, Nicole W.H. Jansen, Dave Stynen, IJmert Kant and Andries de Grip
Based on a sample of older workers from the Maastricht Cohort Study, the authors investigate the prevalence and dynamics of self-reported under-skilling and its effects on workers’ need for recovery, their risk of losing employment and their retirement intentions over a two-year period. They find that being underskilled is associated both with higher levels of need for recovery over time and with the risk of losing employment, but not with early retirement intentions. To achieve sustainable employment, they argue, the course of under-skilling should be monitored throughout workers’ careers, enabling timely interventions to avoid its negative consequences.
Article in Journal of Regional Science, Volume 58, Issue 1, 2018, pp. 116 – 140.
Viktor Venhorst and Frank Cörvers
We estimate the impact of internal migration on job-match quality for recent Dutch university and college graduates. We find positive yet modest wage returns. After controlling for the self-selection of migrants with an IV approach, this effect is no longer significant for university graduates and all graduates from peripheral areas. We also find that, for our alternative job-match measures, where there is evidence of migrant self-selection, controlling for self-selection strongly reduces the effect of internal migration on job-match quality. In some cases, the returns on internal migration are found to be negative, which may signal forced migration.
Tom Stolp (2017), “Sorting in the Labor Market; the Role of Risk Preference and Stress“
Supervisor: prof.dr. T. Dohmen
Co-supervisor: dr. B. Golsteyn
Rolf van der Velden, Mark Levels, Lynn van Vugt, Timo Huijgen and Per Bles received Thursday 21 December 2017 the Societal Impact Award at Maastricht University for the National Cohort Study Education.
The Nationaal Cohortonderzoek Onderwijs is a nation-wide cohort study on the educational pathways and performance of all pupils in Dutch primary and secondary education, funded by the National Regieorgaan Onderwijsonderzoek.
Report by ROA – Maastricht University. The report ‘De arbeidsmarkt naar opleiding en beroep tot 2022’ (in Dutch) presents and discusses labour markets forecasts by education types and occupations up to 2022. The job prospects are good for youngsters with a healthcare or technical degree at all educational levels. Employers are expected to have a hard time filling their vacancies in those sectors, and also for teaching and IT occupations.
Appointed extraordinary professor ‘Labour Market Flexibility: the employer’s perspective’
Title: De opmars van flexibele arbeid: Gevolgen voor mens, organisatie en maatschappij
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Report by ROA – Maastricht University. Graduates from intermediate vocational education (mbo) who considered the career prospects of the field they chose when making their educational choice face better employment prospects. This is one of the findings of the report ‘The role of labour market information on the education choice of graduates from intermediate vocational education’. Findings from a stated preferences experiment further suggest that mbo graduates, when choosing a field of study, are not only responsive to the quality of the match with preferences, but also to the information they receive on the labour prospects of study programmes.