Raymond Montizaan interviewed in De Monitor on 16 November 2017.
Report by ROA – Maastricht University. Graduates from intermediate vocational education (mbo) who considered the career prospects of the field they chose when making their educational choice face better employment prospects. This is one of the findings of the report ‘The role of labour market information on the education choice of graduates from intermediate vocational education’. Findings from a stated preferences experiment further suggest that mbo graduates, when choosing a field of study, are not only responsive to the quality of the match with preferences, but also to the information they receive on the labour prospects of study programmes.
Article in Skill Mismatch in Labor Markets, Research in Labor Economics, Volume 45, Emerald Publishing Limited, 2017, pp. 305 – 343.
Rolf van der Velden and Dieter Verhaest
The explicit assumption in most literature on educational and skill mismatches is that these mismatches are inherently costly for workers. However, the results in the literature on the effects of underqualiﬁcation or underskilling on wages and job satisfaction only partly support this hypothesis. Rather than assuming that both skill surpluses and skill deﬁ-cits are inherently costly for workers, we interpret these mixed ﬁndings by taking a learning perspective on skill mismatches. Following the theory of Vygotski on the so-called “zone of proximal development,”
Article in International Labour Review, Vol. 156, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-23.
Dieter Verhaest, Sana Sellami and Rolf van der Velden
Based on early career data on graduates in Europe and Japan, the authors investigate whether full job mismatch (i.e. field-of-study mismatch and over-education), mere horizontal mismatch and mere vertical mismatch can be explained by differences in institutions and labour market imbalances. Mere horizontal mismatch is lower in countries with stronger employment protection, higher unemployment benefits and selective educational programmes. Cross-country differences in mere vertical mismatch are largely explained by labour market imbalances. These variables also affect full mismatch, which is positively related to collective bargaining coverage as well. Field-of-study differences in mismatches are similarly determined by educational programme characteristics and labour market imbalances.
Article in Tijdschrift voor het Economisch Onderwijs, jaargang 114, nr. 6, 2017, pp. 18-21.
De dynamiek in vraag naar en aanbod van vaardigheden in de afgelopen decennia aanzienlijk toegenomen. De arbeidsmarkt is flexibeler geworden waardoor de arbeidsmobiliteit toeneemt. Door de upgrading van de opleidingseisen neemt het belang van een goede opleiding toe en stijgt de noodzaak om zich bij te scholen. In landen van de OESO (Organisatie voor Economische Samenwerking en Ontwikkeling) is het percentage hoogopgeleiden in de bevolking gegroeid van 22% in 2000 naar 35% in 2015 (OECD, 2016). Onder 25-34 Jarigen is in 2015 42% hoogopgeleid. De stijging van het opleidingsniveau van de werkzame beroepsbevolking is ook in Nederland duidelijk te zien: het aandeel hbo- en wo-gediplomeerden is in de afgelopen twintig jaar continu gestegen, terwijl het aandeel werkenden met een diploma op hoogstens vmbo-niveau continu is afgenomen. Het aandeel mbo-gediplomeerden onder werkenden blijft overigens plus minus constant.
Article in Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2018, pp. 45-67
Ahmed Elsayed & Andries de Grip
We study the effect that a series of Islamist terrorist attacks across Europe in 2004–2005 had on the integration of Muslim immigrants. Using unique panel data that oversamples immigrants in the Netherlands, we show that, shortly after the attacks, Muslim immigrants’ attitudes toward integration worsened significantly compared to those of non-Muslim immigrants, with no evidence of a negative trend in the attitudes of Muslims prior to the attacks. While, in particular, low-educated Muslims became more geographically segregated and unemployed after the attacks, high-educated Muslims were affected most negatively in terms of their perceived integration. This decline in perceived integration is associated with a higher intention to permanently re-migrate to the country of origin.
Andries de Grip appeared in AD on 4 November 2017: Bang om werkloos te worden? Nergens voor nodig!
> Read the full article here in Dutch
The ROA report “De jongens tegen de meisjes [Boys against girls]” has been nominated for the joint Dutch Association of Policy Research (VBO) and the Dutch Sociological Association (NSV) policy award. The report gives an analyses why boys lag behind in vocational and higher education. The research was commissioned by the ministry of Education, Culture & Science and conducted by ROA in cooperation with Centrum Brain and Learning (VU) and CHEPS (University Twente).
Frank Cörvers appeared in Trouw on 28 October 2017: Deeltijddocent kan lerarentekort oplossen
New Research Memorandum (ROA-RM-2017/7)
Gender bias in teaching evaluations by Friederike Mengel, Jan Sauermann, Ulf Zölitz
This paper provides new evidence on gender bias in teaching evaluations. We exploit a quasi-experimental dataset of 19,952 student evaluations of university faculty in a context where students are randomly allocated to female or male instructors. Despite the fact that neither students’ grades nor self-study hours are affected by the instructor’s gender, we find that women receive systematically lower teaching evaluations than their male colleagues. This bias is driven by male students’ evaluations, is larger for mathematical courses and particularly pronounced for junior women. The gender bias in teaching evaluations we document may have direct as well as indirect effects on the career progression of women by affecting junior women’s confidence and through the reallocation of instructor resources away from research and towards teaching.